(Names of my students are underlined.)


Foerster, S., Y. Zhong, L. Pintea, C. M. Murray, M. L. Wilson, D. C. Mjungu and A. E. Pusey (2016). Habitat quality and behavioral tradeoffs in wild chimpanzees: a case for species distribution models. Behavioral Ecology. get pdf

Moeller, A. H., S. Foerster, M. L. Wilson, A. Pusey, B. Hahn and H. Ochman (2016). Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome. Science Advances 2(1): e1500997. get pdf


Barbian, H. J., Y. Li, M. A. Ramirez, Z. Klase, I. Lipende, D. C. Mjungu, M. L. Wilson, A. E. Pusey, E. V. Lonsdorf, F. D. Bushman and B. H. Hahn (2016). Diversification of the chimpanzee gut microbiome marks the end-stage of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus infection. American Journal of Primatology. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22515. get pdf

Plooij, F. X., H. van de Rijt-Plooij, M. Fischer, M. L. Wilson and A. Pusey (2015). “An archive of longitudinal recordings of the vocalizations of adult Gombe chimpanzees.” Scientific Data 2. Article number: 150027 (2015) ​doi:10.1038/sdata.2015.27 get pdf

Zuk, M. and M. L. Wilson (2015). Why humans prevail. The Chronicle of Higher Education: B16. 06 April 2015.

Hockings, K. J., M. R. McLennan, S. Carvalho, M. Ancrenaz, R. Bobe, R. Byrne, R. I. M. Dunbar, T. Matsuzawa, W. C. McGrew, E. A. Williamson, M. L. Wilson, B. Wood, R. W. Wrangham and C. M. Hill (2015). “Apes in the Anthropocene: flexibility and survival.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution 30(4):215-222.


Wilson, M. L., C. Boesch, B. Fruth, T. Furuichi, I. C. Gilby, C. Hashimoto, C. Hobaiter, G. Hohman, N. Itoh, K. Koops, J. Lloyd, T. Matsuzawa, J. C. Mitani, D. C. Mjungu, D. Morgan, R. Mundry, M. N. Muller, M. Nakamura, J. D. Pruetz, A. E. Pusey, J. Riedel, C. Sanz, A. M. Schel, N. Simmons, M. Waller, D. P. Watts, F. J. White, R. M. Wittig, K. Zuberbühler and R. W. Wrangham (2014). “Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts.” Nature 513: 414-417.

Liu, W., Y. Li, K. S. Shaw, G. H. Learn, L. Plenderleith, J. A. Malenke, S. A. Sundararaman, M. A. Ramirez, P. A. Crystal, A. G. Smith, F. Bibollet-Ruche, A. Ayouba, S. Locatelli, A. Esteban, F. Mouacha, E. Guichet, C. Butel, S. Ahuka-Mundeke, B.-I. Inogwabini, J.-B. N. Ndjango, S. Speede, C. M. Sanz, D. B. Morgan, M. K. Gonder, P. J. Kranzusch, P. D. Walsh, A. V. Georgiev, M. N. Muller, A. K. Piel, F. A. Stewart, M. L. Wilson, A. E. Pusey, L. Cui, Z. Wang, A. Färnert, C. J. Sutherland, D. Nolder, J. A. Hart, T. B. Hart, P. Bertolani, A. Gillis, M. LeBreton, B. Tafon, J. Kiyang, C. F. Djoko, B. S. Schneider, N. D. Wolfe, E. Mpoudi-Ngole, E. Delaporte, R. Carter, R. L. Culleton, G. M. Shaw, J. C. Rayner, M. Peeters, B. H. Hahn and P. M. Sharp (2014). “African origin of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax.” Nature Communications 5.

Lonsdorf, E. V., D. A. Travis, R. Ssuna, E. L. Lantz, M. L. Wilson, K. Gamble, K. A. Terio, F. H. Leendertz, B. Ehlers, B. F. Keele, B. H. Hahn, T. Gillespie, J. Pond, J. Raphael and D. A. Collins (2014). “Field immobilization for treatment of an unknown illness in a wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania: challenges and lessons learned.” Primates 55(1): 89-99. get pdf


Gilby, I. C., M. L. Wilson and A. E. Pusey (2013). Ecological and social correlates of inter-group aggression and predation in male chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 86: 61-74. DOI:10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.04.012 get pdf

Moeller, A. H., M. Shilts, Y. Li, R. S. Rudicell, E. V. Lonsdorf, A. E. Pusey, M. L. Wilson, B. H. Hahn and H. Ochman (2013). “SIV-induced instability of the chimpanzee gut microbiota.” Cell, Host & Microbe 14: 340-345. get pdf

Prado-Martinez, J., P. H. Sudmant, J. M. Kidd, H. Li, J. L. Kelley, B. Lorente-Galdos, K. R. Veeramah, A. E. Woerner, T. D. O/’Connor, G. Santpere, A. Cagan, C. Theunert, F. Casals, H. Laayouni, K. Munch, A. Hobolth, A. E. Halager, M. Malig, J. Hernandez-Rodriguez, I. Hernando-Herraez, K. Prufer, M. Pybus, L. Johnstone, M. Lachmann, C. Alkan, D. Twigg, N. Petit, C. Baker, F. Hormozdiari, M. Fernandez-Callejo, M. Dabad, M. L. Wilson, L. Stevison, C. Camprubi, T. Carvalho, A. Ruiz-Herrera, L. Vives, M. Mele, T. Abello, I. Kondova, R. E. Bontrop, A. Pusey, F. Lankester, J. A. Kiyang, R. A. Bergl, E. Lonsdorf, S. Myers, M. Ventura, P. Gagneux, D. Comas, H. Siegismund, J. Blanc, L. Agueda-Calpena, M. Gut, L. Fulton, S. A. Tishkoff, J. C. Mullikin, R. K. Wilson, I. G. Gut, M. K. Gonder, O. A. Ryder, B. H. Hahn, A. Navarro, J. M. Akey, J. Bertranpetit, D. Reich, T. Mailund, M. H. Schierup, C. Hvilsom, A. M. Andres, J. D. Wall, C. D. Bustamante, M. F. Hammer, E. E. Eichler, and T. Marques-Bonet. (2013). Great ape genetic diversity and population history. Nature 499:471-475. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (2013). Chimpanzees, warfare and the invention of peace. In: D. P. Fry (Ed.), War, Peace, and Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 361-388. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (2013). Chimpanzees: alien minds or kindred spirits? Evolutionary Anthropology 22:154-156. get pdf


Degnan, P. H., A. E. Pusey, E. V. Lonsdorf, J. Goodall, E. E. Wroblewski, M. L. Wilson, R. S. Rudicell, B. H. Hahn and H. Ochman (2012). Factors associated with the diversification of the gut microbial communities within chimpanzees from Gombe National Park. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America109(32): 13034-13039. get pdf

Hauff, L. E. and E. W. Demerath (2012). “Body image concerns and reduced breastfeeding duration in primiparous overweight and obese women.” American Journal of Human Biology 24: 339-349. get pdf

Moeller, A. H., P. H. Degnan, A. E. Pusey, M. L. Wilson, B. H. Hahn and H. Ochman (2012). Chimpanzees and humans harbor compositionally similar gut enterotypes. Nature Communications 3: 1179. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (2012). Long-term studies of the Gombe chimpanzees. In: P. Kappeler & D. P. Watts (Eds.), Long-term Field Studies of Primates. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-22513-0  get pdf

Wilson, M. L., Kahlenberg, S. M., Wells, M. T. & Wrangham, R. W. (2012). Ecological and social factors affect the occurrence and outcomes of intergroup encounters in chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 83(1): 277-291. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.11.004 get pdf


Pintea, L., A. E. Pusey, M. L. Wilson, I. C. Gilby, D. A. Collins, S. Kamenya and J. Goodall (2011). Long-term changes in the ecological factors surrounding the chimpanzees of Gombe National Park. Long Term Changes in Africa’s Rift Valley: Impacts on Biodiversity and Ecosystems. A. J. Plumptre. New York, Nova Science Publishers.

Terio, K. A., M. J. Kinsel, J. Raphael, T. Mlengeya, I. Lipende, C. Kirchhoff, B. Gilagiza, M. L. Wilson, S. Kamenya, J. D. Estes, B. F. Keele, R. S. Rudicell, W. Liu, S. Patton, D. A. Collins, B. H. Hahn, D. A. Travis and E. V. Lonsdorf (2011). Pathological lesions in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) from Gombe National Park, Tanzania, 2004-2010. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42(4): 597-607. get pdf


Blinkova, O., Victoria, J., Li, Y., Keele, B. F., Sanz, C., Ndjango, J. N., Peeters, M., Lonsdorf, E. V., Wilson, M. L., Pusey, A. E., Hahn, B. H. & Delwart, E. L. (2010). Novel circular DNA viruses in stool samples of wild-living chimpanzees. Journal of General Virology 91(Pt. 1):74-86. get pdf

Li, L., Kapoor, A., Slikas, B., Soji, O. B., Wang, C., Shaukat, S., Alam, M. M., Wilson, M., Ndjango, J.-B., Peeters, M., Gross-Camp, N., Muller, M. N., Hahn, B. H., Wolfe, N., Triki, H., Bartkus, J., Zaidi, S. Z. & Delwart, E. L. (2010). Multiple diverse circoviruses infect farm animals and are commonly found in human and chimpanzee feces. Journal of Virology 84(4):1674-82. get pdf

Jones, J. H., M. L. Wilson., C. M. Murray, & A. E. Pusey. (2010). Phenotypic quality influences fertility in Gombe chimpanzees. Journal of Animal Ecology 79(6): 1262-1269. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01687.x. get pdf

Rudicell, R. S., J. H. Jones, E. E. Wroblewski, L. G. H., Y. Li, E. Greengrass, F. Grossmann, S. Kamenya, L. Pintea, D. C. Mjungu, E. V. Lonsdorf, A. Mosser, D. A. Collins, B. F. Keele, J. Goodall, A. E. Pusey, B. Hahn and M. L. Wilson. (2010). Impact of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus on chimpanzee population dynamics. PLoS Pathogens, 6(9): e1001116. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (2010). Celebrating 50 years of chimpanzee research at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Pan Africa Newsget pdf


Keele, B. F., Jones, J. H., Terio, K. A., Estes, J. D., Rudicell, R. S., Wilson, M. L., Li, Y., Learn, G. H., Beasley, T. M., Schumacher-Stankey, J., Wroblewski, E. E., Mosser, A., Raphael, J., Kamenya, S., Lonsdorf, E. V., Travis, D. A., Mlengeya, T., Kinsel, M. J., Else, J. G., Silvestri, G., Goodall, J., Sharp, P. M., Shaw, G. M., Pusey, A., E. & Hahn, B. H. (2009). Increased mortality and AIDS-like immunopathology in wild chimpanzees infected with SIVcpz. Nature 460:515-519. get pdf

Oates, J., C. Tutin, T. Humle, M. Wilson, J. Baillie, Z. Balmforth, A. Blom, C. Boesch, D. Cox and T. Davenport (2009). Pan troglodytes, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. get pdf


Emery Thompson, M., M. L. Wilson, G. Gobbo, & A. E. Pusey. (2008). Hyperprogesteronemia in response to Vitex fischeri consumption in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). American Journal of Primatology 70(11):1064-1071 get pdf

Liu, W., M. Worobey, Y. Li, B. F. Keele, F. Bibollet-Ruche, Y. Guo, P. A. Goepfert, M. L. Santiago, J. N. Ndjango, C. Neel, S. L. Clifford, C. Sanz, S. Kamenya, M. L. Wilson, A. E. Pusey, N. Gross-Camp, C. Boesch, V. Smith, K. Zamma, M. A. Huffman, J. Mitani, D. P. Watts, M. Peeters, G. M. Shaw, W. M. Switzer,, P. M. Sharp, & B. H. Hahn. (2008). Molecular ecology and natural history of simian foamy virus infection in wild-living chimpanzees. PLoS Pathogens 4(7):e1000097 get pdf

Pusey, A. E., C. Murray, W. R. Wallauer, M. L. Wilson, & E. Wroblewski. (2008). Severe aggression among female chimpanzees at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology 29(4): 949-973.  get pdf

Pusey, A. E., M. L. Wilson & D. A. Collins. (2008). Human impacts, disease risk, and population dynamics in the chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania. American Journal of Primatology 70(8): 738-744. get pdf

Williams, J. M., E. V. Lonsdorf, M. L. Wilson, J. Schumacher-Stankey, J. Goodall, & A. E. Pusey. (2008). Causes of death in the Kasekela chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania. American Journal of Primatology 70(8): 766-777. get pdf


Pusey, A. E., L. P. Pintea, M. L. Wilson, S. Kamenya and J. Goodall (2007). The contribution of long-term research at Gombe National Park to chimpanzee conservation.  Conservation Biology 21(3): 623-634. get pdf

Takehisa, J., M. Kraus, J. M. Decker, Y. Li, B. F. Keele, F. Bibollet-Ruche, K. P. Zammit, Z. Weng, M. L. Santiago, S. Kamenya, M. L. Wilson, A. E. Pusey, E. Bailes, P. M. Sharp, G. M. Shaw & B. H. Hahn (2007). Generation of infectious molecular clones of simian immunodeficiency virus from fecal population sequences of wild-living chimpanzees. Journal of Virology 81(14): 7463-7475. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (2007) Intergroup aggression in wild primates. (Introduction to special issue on intergroup aggression.) Behaviour 144(12): 1469-1471. get pdf

Wilson, M. L., M. D. Hauser & R. W. Wrangham. (2007). Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) modify grouping and vocal behaviour in response to location-specific risk. Behaviour 144(12): 1621-1653. get pdf


Wrangham, R. W., M. L. Wilson & M. N. Muller (2006). Comparative rates of violence in chimpanzees and humans. Primates 47(1): 14-26. get pdf


Gombe Stream Research Centre Annual Report (2005). get pdf


Gombe Stream Research Centre Annual Report (2004). get pdf

Wrangham, R. W. & M. L. Wilson (2004). Collective violence: Comparisons between youths and chimpanzees. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1036: 1-25. get pdf

Wilson, M. L., W. R. Wallauer, & A. E. Pusey (2004). New cases of intergroup violence among chimpanzees in Gombe National Park. International Journal of Primatology 25(3): 523-549. get pdf


Wilson, M. L. (2003). Environmental factors and aggression in non-human primates. Neurobiology of Aggression: Understanding and Preventing Violence. M. Mattson, Ed., Totowa, NJ, The Humana Press, Inc.: 167-190. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. & R. W. Wrangham (2003). Intergroup relations in chimpanzees. Annual Review of Anthropology. W. H. Durham. Palo Alto, CA, Annual Reviews Inc. 32: 363-92. get pdf


Wilson, M. L., Britton, N. F. & Franks, N. R. (2002). Chimpanzees and the mathematics of battle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of  London, Series B, 269, 1107-1112. get pdf


Wilson, M. L. (2001). Imbalances of power: How chimpanzees respond to the threat of intergroup aggression Ph. D. Thesis, Harvard University. get pdf

Wilson, M. L., M. D. Hauser & R. W. Wrangham (2001). Does participation in intergroup conflict depend on numerical assessment, range location, or rank for wild chimpanzees? Animal Behaviour 61(6): 1203-1216. get pdf


Wrangham, R. W., M. L. Wilson, B. A. Hare & N. D. Wolfe (2000). Chimpanzee predation and the ecology of microbial exchange. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 12(3): 186-188. get pdf


Wilson, M. L. (1997). Monkey marriage and human utopias. Harvard Vision: Student Essays on Our Collective Future. B. L. Ebert, Ed. Cambridge, MA, The Dipylon Press. Vol. V: 91-105. get pdf

Wilson, M. L. (1997). Great Ape Societies. (Book review). Endeavour. 21: (1): 47. (Mistakenly attributed to Margo Wilson; correction in Endeavour. 22: (1))

Alberts, S. C., J. Altmann, & M. L. Wilson (1996).  Mate guarding constrains foraging activity of male baboons. Animal Behaviour. 51: 1269-1277. get pdf

thoughts on primates, people, and evolution